Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

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Equipment and devices


Hydrothermal syntheses
up to 250 °C

Spin Coating Unit
Laurell WS-650MZ-23NPP/Lite

Spray Dryer
Büchi B-191

Microwave Unit
2000 W, 850 W, 300 W

Mixing and Milling

Planetary Ball Mill
Retsch PM 400

Planetary Mill
Fritsch Pulverisette

Single Crystal Growth

Optically Heated Floating Zone Melting Furnace (Four mirror furnace)
Tmax > 2000 °C
10-5 mbar < p < 10 bar

Crystal Growing Unit
using Czochralski Process
Malvern MSR2
Tmax > 2000 °C

Cutting, Grinding, and Polishing

Grinding and Polishing Machine
Struers LaboPol-5

Precision Cutt-Off Machine
Struers Minitom

X-ray Diffractometry

X-ray Powder Diffractometer
Bruker D8 Advanced
(Cu-K radiation)

Imaging Plate
Single Crystal Diffractometer
(Mo-K radiation)

Four-Cycle Single Crystal Diffractometer
(Ag-K radiation)


UV-Vis Transmission Spectrometer
VWR UV-3100 PC

UV-Vis-NIR Reflection Spectrometer
Perkin Elmer Lambda 19

Infrared Spectrometer
Bruker Alpha
Transmission and reflection (ATR)

Determination of Physical Properties

Physical Properties Measurement System
Quantum Design PPMS9
2K < T < 400 K, -90 kOe < H < +90 kOe

  • Magnetism
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Specific heat
  • Thermoelectric properties
  • Hall effect

Impedance analyser
HP 4192A
1 Hz to 13 MHz with thermostate
Julabo F25, -20°C to +250°C

Gas Physisorption

Gas Physisorption Unit
Quantachrome Nova 1000

Thermal Analysis

Thermo-Analysis System
Netzsch STA 449F5
Simultaneous TG and DSC/DTA up to 1500 °C

Thermo-Analysis System
Netzsch Jupiter
Simultaneous TAG and DSC/DTA with coupled Mass Spectrometry (not shown) up to 1400 °C

Netzsch TMA 402 F3
Thermal expansion/sintering behaviour up to 1500 °C

Netzsch TMA 402
Thermal expansion/sintering behaviour up to 1200 °C

TA Instruments TGA 2950
Thermogravimetry up to 1000 °C

Deep-temperature DSC (Dynamic Differential Calorimeter)
Setaram 131 evo
Temperature range from -150 °C to 500 °C

Chemical Analysis

Flame Atomic Absorption
Spectrometer (AAS) Agilent 280FS
with autosampler and
automatic dilution device

Laboratory Furnaces (Selection)

Various box- and tube-furnaces with maximum working temperatures between 1100°C and 1750°C.

Scanning Electron Microscopy

Phenom ProX Scanning electron microscope
50000x magnification, acceleration voltage range 5 - 15 kV, BSE detector with EDX