Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

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Methods applied


  • Classical solid-state syntheses
  • Single crystal growth (flux method, floating zone melting, Czochralski method)
  • "Soft chemistry" syntheses (spray pyrolysis, spray drying, thermal degradation of amorphous precursors, co-precipitation in inverse microemulsions, hydrothermal syntheses, polyol syntheses, spin-coating (rotational coating), squeegee (linear coating)


  • X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) including Rietveld structure refinement
  • Single crystal X-ray stucture analysis
  • Neutron powder diffraction
  • Neutron single crystal diffraction
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) Spectroscopy, X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) Spectroscopy)
  • Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
  • Scanning electron microscopy (REM)
  • Energy and wavelength dispersive  X-ray spectroscopy (EDX, WDX)
  • Gas physisorption
  • Thermal analysis (TA) (Thermogravimetry (TG), Differential thermoanalysis (DTA)
  • Mass spectroscopy (MS)
  • UV/Vis spectroscopy
  • Infrared spectroscopy (IR)
  • Transport phenomena (electrical conductivity, impedance spectroscopy)
  • Magnetism (temperature- and field-dependent)
  • Heat capacity
  • Thermal transport properties (heat conductivity, Seebeck coefficient)